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Awareness, Communication, Research and
Re-mediation of Dyscalculia!
Educational therapy is personalized help so students can reach their full potential.
While regular tutoring focuses on helping students with home work and review for tests and quizzes, educational therapy has a different and complimentary focus and works on development and long term retention of basic math skills and can be started when regular math tutoring is not effective or not effective enough. Educational therapy is for students who seem to know it one day and forget it the next.
Educational therapy combines general study techniques and organizational skills for learning with specific attention for a subject, while also addressing psychological aspects like self confidence and persistence.
After getting a good feel for a student’s skills in a specific subject, the educational therapist selects tools and techniques to address the issues that stand in the way of reaching the student’s full potential. These techniques are demonstrated and practiced during educational therapy sessions so that the student learns to apply them in school or when doing homework or studying independently.
Educational therapy is never ‘one size fits all’, and always personalized. For some students the emphasis lies on study techniques in general, that may carry over and help the student to become successful in several subjects. For some students the emphasis is predominantly on an area of weakness or LD such as dyslexia or dyscalculia. Although there is some overlap and students may have characteristics of both LD’s, it is now a clear that these LD’s need there own approach. Intervention for Math Learning Disability (MLD) and dyscalculia asks for a very different way of teaching new concepts and how to apply them, to develop fluency and check for understanding than intervention for reading and they are usually provided by different specialists.
Ideally, educational therapy should be tailored to fit the educational needs of a student like a glove, making it easier to handle the educational ‘hot potato’
Tutoring children with Dyscalculia is most effective when done one on one. As it is valuable that the children continue to explore math between sessions, apps are a real good tool.
Apps come in all kind of forms and varieties. Many are free and some cost lots of money or give options to buy additional options from inside the app.
For an app to be effective for our purpose, I look for these things:
Below I show some of my favorite apps. I do not get paid to review these apps and I am also not involved in the development of these apps. Just a recommendation from my experience with these apps.
|Math Concentration by NCTM, this is an electronic version of the classic Memory game, with multiple levels starting at matching dots with numerals to matching fractions and percent, for one or two players. KG – 5th grade.|
|Counting Beads from Visual Math Learning has colored beads with numbers that stick to each other when combined in the right order. Kids have fun dragging the ever growing ‘train’ in wavy curves all over the screen. KG – 1st grade|
|Find Sums from MathTappers will teach kids the ‘missing number’ to make the selected target number (all numbers from 5 – 20 and 100), by showing green and red apples in a ten frame or as numbers in a part – whole frame. Self correcting: numbers don’t stick if you make a mistake. Grade 1 – 3|
|Make10Plus to learn the ’10 bonds’: similar to Find Sums, but with numbers instead of apples: all pairs that add up to ten by clicking on the other number that forms a pair with the presented number. Can be a bit fast in the beginning when child is starting to learn the ten bonds. Grade 1 – 2|
|Number Rack is the electronic version of the rekenrek (pronounced raikuhnreck), a manipulative from my native country the Netherlands. It has five red and five white beads, that slide on a metal bar in a very realistic fashion. You can add printed and written numbers to show the calculation; for larger numbers just add more bars. KG – Grade 2.|
|Number Line from the Math Learning Center, shows the connection between the number and the place on the number line, the size of a number. It has multiple options such as changing the size of the number line, with and without numbers. Addition and subtraction are easy to visualize with forward and backward jumps, multiplication with multiple similar jumps and screen touch to combine multiple jumps. the How to has a clear explanation. App. is a generous donation from Dr David Moursund. Grade 1 – 5.|
|Lobster diver from New Mexico State University Learning Games Lab asks you to use an underwater number line to retrieve your lobsters, you need to be quick and watch out for the electric eel! Apart from learning the number line it also develops planning. Grade 1 – 3|
|Visual Multiplication from Visual Math Learning starts with ‘Adding Beads’ a grid to drag balls with a number to their place. Two additional games are Chamber Maze, where you drag a ball with a nifty system to show the number along a maze that shows the multiplication as an area, and Pool Table, a game where you multiply the numbers on two balls to go in the hole with the number of their multiplication|
|Sushi Monster from Scholastic has addition and multiplication by placing two plates with food and a number on a round table in reach of a ravenous monster, who asks for a specific number and quickly gobbles up the food when the math is right. Grade 2 – 4.|
|Wings from Motion Math uses tilting your iPad to direct a bird to the highest of two numbers in multiplication, shown by a grid or a number. While flying to distant islands, you collect colored feathers for your bird, an innovative and a fun way to learn the multiplication facts. Grades 2 – 5.|
|Thinking Blocks from Math Play Ground is based on the Singapore way to solve word problems with part-whole strip models, and is useful alongside any text book to practice word problems. There are four activities: Addition and Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Fractions, and Ratio and Proportion. Grade 4 – 7.|
|Door 24 – Math developed by Curriculum Associates is based on the classic 24 games and starts with a robot telling the story and has an electrical wire that needs connecting by zapping moving ‘nanospheres’ with the fitting number into the slots. Multiple levels. Grades 3 – 7|
Have any dominoes lying around?
Apart from playing the traditional game, try this fun suggestion to start up a conversation about numbers. Our activity, in the link below, will interest your youngsters in the number system, and can also help some older kids linking various verbal expressions to visual numbers.
[download label=”Doubles and one more Dominoes”]http://dyscalculiaservices.com/wp-content/uploads/paid-downloads/files/Doublesandonemoredominoes.pdf[/download]
Why are fractions difficult?
There are several reasons fractions are extremely difficult for students with dyscalculia. Both the notation, using two numbers close to each other, and the different ways we show fractions can cause confusion.
The fraction notation cards and the symbol and number tiles in this activity are designed to show the different meanings of the top and bottom number, focusing on one number at a time, instead of both. The words numerator and denominator are unfamiliar vocabulary and do not add to understanding, so they are not used in this lesson, we call it top and bottom number. The top number shows how many equal parts you count. A larger top number makes the amount of the fraction larger. The bottom number shows what type of parts you count. A larger bottom number makes the amount of the fraction smaller.
Go to FREE ACTIVITIES AND DOWNLOADS to see the full activity.