**One of my students is struggling, could it be dyscalculia?**

Every student is unique and many children experience that a Math topic is somewhat harder at the start. When a problem persists despite some extra help or explanations, you can consider the possibility of a learning difference in Math. Not all symptoms are combined in one student.

**The most common symptoms are:**

**1. Number sense, counting, and numbers**

• Starting to count at a later age than siblings/classmates

• Taking more time to memorize and learn to write the numerals

• Counting on fingers instead of using math facts from memory

• Using a number-line is difficult, no representation in their memory

• Larger numbers are often copied in the wrong order

**2. Operations and procedures**

• Confusion over math concepts

• Difficulty memorizing math facts, in particular multiplication tables

• Repeated mistakes with Math vocabulary

• ‘Misreading’ a number sentence: add instead of multiply etc.

• Difficulty selecting essential information and choosing the operation in a word problem, does not know if an answer ‘makes sense’

**3. Measurement**

• Difficulty selecting the larger of two small quantities without counting

• Difficulty with perception of shapes and relative sizes

• Difficulty with changing to another unit (days – weeks, pints – gallons)

• Confusion over telling time on a digital and an analogue clock

• Difficulty making a rough guesstimate

**4. Behavioral characteristics**

• Uncomfortable with activities involving counting or numbers, nervous, developing math anxiety

• Making wild guesses that are far apart or just jotting down random numbers

• Working slowly and inconsistently

• Seems to ‘get it’ one day, ‘forgets’ it the next

• Deliberately avoiding math tasks, while being OK with other subjects