This is an important question with implications for the remediation of the condition.
At this moment there is no generally agreed definition about what Dyscalculia is but there are now, thanks to a working group from the UK, guidelines that you can follow to ensure you get the right diagnosis.
It starts with a few key principles to distiquis Dyscalculia and a special learning disability from other difficulties with math:
1. Difficulties must be unexpected in relation to age, level of education, level of experience and level of other attainments:
2. Difficulties should be specific and persistent.
3. Difficulties must not be solely caused by other factors such as:
Inappropriate teaching or gaps in mathematics education Social and personal factors which adversely affect attitude/motivation with regard to learning mathematics
Incomplete mastery of the language of instruction (e.g. EAL/ESL)
General learning difficulties
4. Difficulties should not arise from another neurological, physical or mental health condition.
Next it proposes a definition for Dyscalculia and other Math difficulties:
Dyscalculia is a specific and persistent difficulty in understanding numbers which can lead to a diverse range of difficulties with mathematics. It will be unexpected in relation to age, level of education and experience and occurs across all ages and abilities.
Mathematics difficulties are best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category, and they have many causal factors. Dyscalculia falls at one end of the spectrum and will be distinguishable from other mathematics issues due to the severity of difficulties with number sense, including subitising, symbolic and non-symbolic magnitude comparison, and ordering. It can occur singly but can also co-occur with other specific learning difficulties, mathematics anxiety and medical conditions.
If you are already familiar with Dyslexia, it is easier to understand the things that happen when you have Dyscalculia. Although they are very different, here is an overview of where you see how it affects people similarly.
The year has started, the first ERB testing has been done, the first report cards are around the corner.
We are celebrating Learning Disabilities month, so all reasons to do a check in with your student and see if there are any problems with math.
For the teachers among you we have a coupon code for $10 off our Dyscalculia Awareness Training until the end of October, use coupon code LDA, the training is available at http://DyscalculiaAware.org
For the parents our recommendation would be to make sure you check as soon as you think there is any chance of a larger issue with math than the regular struggles. You can do the free check list in the left navigation panel of this page (free registration required) or you can do the more comprehensive Math and Dyscalculia Screening Test at https://DyscalculiaTesting.com
Let’s make sure we got this covered and discovered before the end of the year and we can make plans on what to do going forward in the new year. As always don’t hesitate to call us at 832 377 8373 with any questions or email DrSchreuder@dyscalculiaservices.com
Dyscalculia is about as prevalent as Dyslexia but not as well known and much less diagnosed. People still shrug it off when they are “bad at math” and don’t worry too much about it although it can have major implications for further education options, job opportunities and just moving through life with ease.
This math learning disability is nearly as common as dyslexia, however it’s studied far less, understood far worse, and diagnosed inconsistently
Dr Schreuder is on a mission to increase the number of Dyscalculia Tutors. For this she has developed an online Dyscalculia Tutor Training and to celebrate the upcoming Holidays and Black Friday and Cyber Monday she is offering Promotional Pricing of 15% off the regular price for abundle that includes: